Monday, December 31, 2007
The records at the court house run from 1867- present. Remember with the fire at the courthouse all the records prior to 1867 were destroyed. Be patient with the courthouse employees when sending for information. Certified documents can be obtained here.
The archives in Bowling Green has the death records on microfilm that run from 1867-1951.
Death records are important documents for tracing the past. They will include parents names, maiden names and location of burial. It is always important to keep copies of the death certificates in your genealogical files. All very important clues to tracing your genealogy.
Sunday, December 30, 2007
The National Genealogical Society meeting this year will be held in Kansas City, MO on May 14-17, 2008. These days are filled with a variety of programs covering a variety of aspects of genealogy. They cover programs that would interest the beginner to the advanced. The topics vary from vital records, military records to computer program updates. The vendor area will bring you in touch with the latest software updates. Here is the link to the site- http://www.eshow2000.com/ngs/2008/
The second show of interest is the Federation of Genealogical Societies Conference in Philadelphia, PA on September 3-6-2008. This conference covers many of the items as the National meeting, but also covers a lot of issues that effect genealogical societies. This is another conference well worth the trip. Here is the link to the site- http://www.fgsconference.org/index.php
Have a wonderful Sunday.
Saturday, December 29, 2007
Friday, December 28, 2007
Another valuable resource when researching in Fulton County is the community library in Archbold. The genealogical collection at the library is located in the Mc Claughlin room. The collection includes a variety of books and microfilm collections.
The books included in the collection are the three major histories of Fulton Co. OH. The years of publication are 1888, 1920 and 1976. When checking local histories be sure to not only check the biography sections, but the township history sections as well. I have had wonderful success with this area and finding clues to individuals in my searches. Also included in the books is histories on Painesville and Swanton.
The collection also includes many family histories with origins in Fulton Co., OH. Be sure that when using family histories to be sure to check for sources for the information published. Family histories with out sources is fiction and not fact.
In the newspaper collection three local papers are in the collection. They are the Archbold Herald (1893-1898), Archbold Advocate (1900-1907) and the Archbold Buckey (1905-present). Be sure to check the marriage and birth announcements.
The library also has a complete collection of census records for the county.
Thursday, December 27, 2007
The militia Rolls from 1864 would prove interesting for those people registered during this time period. Militia rolls typically list the name of the person serving, residence and age. Ironically this is during the time period of the Civil War. My thought is that this would primarily be a list of people that were unable to serve in regular service for one reason or another.
Records of Relief Disbursements (1886-1964) was generated at the local county level to help supports those military personal that received a disability as a result of their service. This funding was to offset funding that may not be available on federal level. Included in this information would be persons name, service information, location in county, time served and spouse. This would be a unique source on a local level. Also be sure to check the Solders Relief commission case files that run from 1904-1954. Another treasure trove of genealogical information.
Soldier's discharge records were recorded 1865-1910, 1918, 1922, 1928, 1934, 1938 and 1952. This information was specific to the war the individual the person served. This again would include individuals name, war served, time served, spouse, location in county. Another very unique and valuable resource in the county.
These records are unique and should be consulted for the genealogical information they would provide.
Wednesday, December 26, 2007
The records in the county are located at the court house in Wauseon under the Probate Court. The second location is at the archives in Bowling Green. These records run from 1879-1906 and are on microfilm.
Please look at the blog post for Putnam Co. Naturalization and Intention records for more information on these type of documents.
Monday, December 24, 2007
Prior to the counties creation in 1850 you have four places to look for the records. They are Henry, Lucas and Williams counties along with the counties bordering current day Fulton Co. in Michigan. The border line issue played a major part in where the land records may be located prior to 1837. After this date most of the records are located in the Ohio counties.
After the 1850 time period the land records for the county can be found in two locations. The first is at the court house in Wauseon. This has the most complete list of records for the county, but does have some gaps due to the fire. The second place is at the archives in Bowling Green. The records here on microfilm and run from 1932-1969.
The primary location for your search for these documents is at the courthouse. Good luck with your search.
Marriage records tend to be some of the better kept records in any county. Fulton County is no exception and the records can be located in several different locations. The primary source for certified copies would of course be at the County court house in Wauseon. Two other locations have microfilmed copies of the records as well. They are the community library in Archbold and the archives in Bowling Green. The records at the library run from 1864-1925 and June 10, 1927 - July 21, 1944. At the archives the records run from 1864-1956. Prior to 1864 the records were destroyed in the fire. Prior to 1850 when the county was formed be sure to check Henry, Lucas and Williams counties in Ohio. The records also may be found in Michigan to the north.
I will be covering Land Records in the county.
Sunday, December 23, 2007
Please contact me via the email on the blog and I will post the results as they become available. Have a wonderful Sunday.
Saturday, December 22, 2007
My initial interest came in genealogy from a family tree that my parents always had hanging on a wall in my parents home. As a child I was always amazed that I was related to so many people that I did not know. My great aunt would also play a important part in my genealogical development. She was my link to the history of my mothers family. There was many a day that she would share the many family stories and I would listen to her for hours. She also had all the newspaper clippings, pictures and family bibles. This was a treasure trove of information on my family that helped with bringing these people alive for me. From his point on I have been hooked.
A second person that I came in contact with a had a influence on my interest was a distant relative on my mothers side. At the time of meeting him he was in his upper eighties. He again was able to share many stories on my family that I would never of heard from anyone else otherwise. Even at his advanced age we spent many hours exploring the the area where my family had lived and was buried. He also shared many stories about traveling down the river with things to trade in a wooden boat, his searches along the river for Indian artifacts and his service in France during the First World War.
We all have a story to tell and they must be shared. During this holiday season it is a good time to spread the stories of our past to the younger people in our families. In this day of computers and video games it is still important for the our youth to understand where we came from . So while you are sharing with your families be sure to share the memories of Christmas and history past.
Thursday, December 20, 2007
The libraries collection of newspapers is the
Fulton County Expositor- January 1, 1875- Nov 4, 2003
Republican- January 16, 1868- July 30, 1981
Fulton County Tribune- May 19, 1883- Nov 21, 1924
The primary source here is obituaries, but don't forget to look for marriage, anniversary and birth announcements. All of these resources are available on microfilm.
As mentioned in the history of Fulton County you need to look in the adjacent counties for census records prior to 1850. Don't forget the Michigan counties as well. The Fulton Co. census records run from 1850-1920.
The library also includes many family and county histories related to Fulton Co. Be sure when using family histories that you check the sources for the information. A genealogy without sources is Fiction not Fact. Unfortunately this is all to common with family histories. They make a good guide until proven. The plat maps will also in understanding some of the geographic changes that have happened in the county and will help in pinpointing where a families records may be located.
Yearbooks prove to be valuable resources when trying to pinpoint a particular area that a family may be located.
The library is located at
117 East Elm Street
Wauseon, OH 43567
Phone- 419- 335-6626
Please be sure to call ahead during this holiday season to confirm hours.
Tuesday, December 18, 2007
When researching families that were located in this county prior to 1850 checking the three other counties and the adjoining counties in Michigan may be necessary when looking for records. Fulton counties records started in 1867. The records can be found in three seperate locations. The first is at the county court house in Wauseon. Many records prior to 1864 were destroyed when the county courthouse was destroyed. The second place to look for records is at the Health Department where records were kept from 1908 to present. The court house and the Health department are where the certified copies of birth can be obtained. The third and final place to locate birth records is at the Archives in Bowling Green that has the index and the actual birth records which run from 1867-1951.
The next topic will be on marriages.
The General Assembly of Ohio passed a law making Fulton a county on Feb 28, 1850. The county was organized out of the counties of Henry, Lucas and Williams counties in April of 1850. The county seat is located in Wauseon, OH. The county was named after Robert Fulton the inventor of the first commercial steam ship. This area like Lucas Co. would be part of the dispute that would become the Toledo War.
Prior to 1850 records have to be searched in the other three counties that laid claim to this area. Especially early land deed would fall into this time period and take some unique searching during the early time period. The northern border of the county is with Michigan where yo can find some overlap of vital records. This area is know for it's outstanding farm land that has provided food supplies for decades.
Monday, December 17, 2007
There are three different forms of documentation for the genealogist to look for which are the Declaration of Intent, the Petition and Certificate of Naturalization. The Declaration of Intent was normally filled out shortly after the person would arrive at a final destination. These documents would be filed at the county seat in Ottawa. Information in this document can vary greatly based on the time period that they were filed. From 1862 to 1906 these records lacked any real detail in most cases. Foreign citizens that participated in the Civil War were waved from having to fill out this portion of the application. After 1906 the information in this document became more detailed. The information provided would include name, address, occupation, birthplace, nationality, country from which emigrated, age or birth date, physical description, date of intention, marital status, last foreign residence, port of entry, name of ship, date of entry, and date of document. Some times this document would be filed with the Petition.
The petition would include the same information as the Intent. The information would reflect the same issues as the Intent.
The Certificate of Naturalization was completed once the person had completed the citizenship requirements. Prior to 1906 this information was often only the name of the person and name of court. After that the period would be the same as the other forms.
The Naturalization Records in Bowling Green run from 1861-1907. They have copies of the intentions and certificates on microfilm. These are very good sources of origin, because they are given by the immigrants themselves.
This completes Putnam County. Now I will begin covering Fulton County, OH.
In Putnam Co. OH there are three areas that this document can be located. The first is the library in Ft. Jennings, OH, the Probate Court at the county seat in Ottawa and finally the Bowling Green Archives in BG. The records in the library are all done on microfilm and run from 1837-1941. The records at the Probate Court run from 1837 to present. Here again access can be limited if the records are in the last 100 years. The Bowling Green Archives has two important items on Wills which is the Index to Will records (1837-1897) and the Will Records (1837-1941). These documents are all on microfilm.
The Will is the document that brings all your other facts together on a individual. The Will is normally dated several days after the individuals death. The information in the will explains the distribution of the persons worldly assets and where they would like things to go upon death. This is a important document for verifying wives, husbands and children's names. This document also becomes a good way to document the married names of daughters. A often overlooked portion of the will is the names of the executors. These names are often people that can offer clues to the lineage of the deceased individual. Many times it can be members of the wife or husbands family. It's important to figure out this person's relationship to the deceased. Relative or friend.
Tomorrow I will be wrapping up the records on Putnam Co. OH with the discussion of Naturalization records. I will then be moving on to a new county. My hope is that this information has been helpful on Putnam Co.
Saturday, December 15, 2007
The two people that I was to search for were Ben Joyner who died in Toledo, Lucas Co., OH on Dec 31, 1991. Second person was Amanda Joyner who died 5 May 1929. The reader was looking for copies of two obituaries. Several sources can be consulted to find the information that was requested. The first is to locate the obits in a newspaper in the area. The local newspaper is the Toledo Blade which is microfilmed and located at the Toledo Public Library in their Genealogy and Local History room. Obituaries are indexed up until the 1960's which makes it very easy to find and locate the date a obituary was printed. After that period of time you have to do some searching. Second source would be the City Directories that are also located at the library.
The first person I began my search for was Ben Joyner. Typically the person is not listed in the paper for the day that they died. So I started on the day after. The obituaries appear in the local section of the paper and have been there for decades. I finally ended up finding the obituary I was looking for on January 3, 1992. It indicated that he had lived 90 years. He worked in construction for many years and had many survivors. Project completed.
The second person to search for was Amanda Joyner. First thing to check for this time period in Toledo is the index of obituaries. After doing a search in the days following the death I was unable to locate the obituary. I was not told prior to the search that the family was of African American descent. It is my belief that, because of the times in which she died it was not unusual to have her obit omitted from the mainstream paper. Luckily I consulted with a second source that gave me some indication of the time in which she died. That was the city directory. The break in dates and continuation of a Henry Joyner indicated that she was survived by her husband. This was later confirmed by the 1930 census for Toledo, Lucas Co., OH and the obit of Henry Joyner.
Well this is the first in I hope many that I get to do. Thanks again for the contribution.
On a side note I wanted you folks to know I was recently interviewed for the Putnam Co. Sentinel in Ottawa, OH on the subject of genealogy and this blog. The article will appear on the nineteenth of December for you folks in that area. Thanks again for your support.
The genealogy and local history area has a variety or records. One of the most extensive parts of the collection is the records related to churches and cemeteries. The records of 29 different churches are microfilmed in their collection. A lot of these records were compiled by the WPA back in the 1930's. The cemetery records consist of a name index that primarily tells where a person is buried in the county with out any real dates. Currently they have only five cemeteries on microfilm that includes all the information. (Fountain, Liberty and Pleasant Twp., Greenlawn, St. Mary's and St Josephs.
The military records are unique and have coverage of several wars. Rosters are kept in the collection from the Civil War, WWI, and WWII. The Civil War rosters they have are complete for the county and are all on microfilm. A unique item is the picture collection that includes many of the people from the area that served during WWI and WWII. This includes events put on and many individual pictures. A microfilm copy also exists of the discharge papers for soldiers from the county.
The newspaper collection includes those in the city of Tiffin and the county as a whole. The obituary index is indexed in a card file. Another interesting item is microfilm of two German Newspapers that were published in the county. Many of the obituary records are in the process of being included in the Hayes collection in Fremont that I have mentioned on several occasions.
If your ancestor came to Seneca Co. early his name may be found in the original land entries of the county. The collection also has two key map books that were published in 1874 and 1896 that show the location where people lived in the county.
The vital records collection is all on microfilm. The records include birth records 1867 -1908, marriage records 1841-1899, 1899-1930 and 1957-1977, death records 1867-1908 and wills 1851-1900. The census collection includes all the years from 1830 to 1930. They also have a fine collection of rural directories.
The library is located at the following.
77 Jefferson Street
Tiffin, OH 44883
This is a outstanding collection of records related to Seneca Co., OH. It is well worth the trip.
Friday, December 14, 2007
Monday, December 10, 2007
The primary location for the newspapers in the area are at the library in Ft Jennings. Please check out my posting from a week ago this past Friday when I did the overview on the resources at the library and you will find a list of newspaper. Include is the time period of publication. Remember again the accuracy of the obit is only as good as the person giving the information and the writer.
Another excellent resource for obit search is at the Hayes Library in Fremont. Here is the link to their site.
RB Hayes Obituary Index
This will help in narrowing down your ancestors obit publication date and the newspaper.
Cemeteries come in three forms. They are the church burial yard, public cemeteries and family burial plots. If you are fortunate to have a person buried in a church cemetery the church will often have the records for the burial. This information is similar to a death certificate, but will often include more information. Public cemeteries also have burial records and these are often stored at the local sexton's office or with the township. Family burial plots are often not as well covered, but some records are kept with the township.
A note on rubbings of the stones. This practice is frowned on by most people in the genealogy field. The exposure to weather has resulted in many stones be difficult to read. Rubbings only help in more destruction to the surface of the stone. Use common sense when you are in the cemetery.
Here is a good link for locating cemeteries in Putnam Co. OH.
Death records of the nineteenth century and beyond are very detailed. The records will include persons name, date and place of death, age at time of death, place of birth, parents' names, occupation, name of spouse, name of the person giving the information and the informers relationship to the deceased. Race is also noted on the record.
Again if you are looking for copies of records that are certified the courthouse is the place to go. Copies of all the death records are located here. The library has records dating from 1834-1920. The archives include the same records dated from 1834 to 1920.
Please be aware that death records are only as accurate as the person that is giving the information. A common error is the name of parents and the dates of birth and location. Additional sources to document this information is critical.
Sunday, December 09, 2007
Saturday, December 08, 2007
I hope you find it interesting.
On a separate topic, I did get one response on my offer to do a genealogy research and then use it as a demonstrator on the blog. This topic will be covered next week. I would love to see more. The search is free and the search must deal with someone in Northwest Ohio. Have a great Saturday.
Monday, December 03, 2007
Some of the highlights in the collection are manuscripts of local families genealogies, memorial card collection, obituary index for the Putnam County Sentinel from 1865 to present, fully indexed collection of Putnam County pictures, yearbooks, and vertical file of local history and genealogy.
The newspaper collection is the finest in the county.
- The Continental News Review- 1919-2005
- Delphos Weekly Herald- 1872-1902
- Gilboa Gazette- 1978-1981\
- Kalida Sentinel- 1855-1866
- The Kalida Venture- 1845-1854
- Leipsic Free Press- 1878-1982
- Leipsic Messenger- 1982-2005
- Pandora Times- 1902-1995
- Putnam County Gazette- 1892-1949
- Putnam County Sentinel- 1865- current
- Putnam County Vidette- 1875-1995
- Putnam County Vidette & Pandora Times- 1996-2004
- Western County News- 1931-1947
All of these are on microfilm.
The library also has a complete collection of books related to the counties history and maps.
For further information the staff at the library can be contacted at 419-523-3747 or firstname.lastname@example.org
In Putnam Co., OH the records concerning land purchase were kept by the County Recorder. These records are located at the county court house, but can also be search at the Archives in Bowling Green, OH. The records available date from 1830-1903 at the archives and from 1830 to present at the courthouse. Land Records are very important and often overlooked area of genealogical research.
With the marriage records the certified copies can be obtained from the Clerk of Courts at the courthouse in Ottawa. Again there will be cost involved and may be subject to restriction. Please be aware that staff is limited and be patient when asking for a records search.
The marriage records located at the library run from 1834 to 1951. Marriage records were some of the best kept records in any county. For reasons that am not sure of they always tend to be the oldest records in any county. Another source at the library will again be the church records which were kept at the individual churches. All of these records are available for microfilming.
Located at the BG archives is the index to marriage records and index from 1834-1951. Available again for microfilming.
The good news is there are two other areas that you can get birth records in the county. The first one is at the Putnam County Library which is located at the main library in Ottawa. As of this printing the collection has been moved to Ft Jennings Library due to the flood that occurred in the spring of 2007 that effected downtown Ottawa. The second location for records related to birth are at Bowling Green Center for Archival Collections in Bowling Green, OH.
The early birth records for the county are available on microfilm at the Ft Jennings Library. The first records are from the court house records and date from 1867-1920 and the birth registration that dates from 1876-1925. The next series of records were kept by the Health Department and they run from 1908-1996. When at the library you are able to make copies off of the microfilm for your records. These should be acceptable for most documentation purposes.
Located at the BG archives is several different records concerning births. They are
Birth Records- 1857- 1920
Index to Birth records- 1854-1925
Index to Birth Registrations and Corrections- 1941-1964
All of these records are available on microfilm and can be copied.
Another source for birth related records also located at the library in Ft Jennings is the Catholic Church records for the county which include baptisms. Also available are records from various other religions in Putnam County. These records also include baptisms.
For those settlers of Mennonite faith another excellent source is the collection at Bluffton University. The Musselman Collection was covered in a posting from a couple of weeks ago.
This is a must see for people of this faith.
The beginnings of Putnam Co. Ohio occurred back in 1820 when it was created out of Shelby County. The legal jurisdiction during this time was with Wood County, OH to the north. Then in 1824 the county of Williams was created and the jurisdiction was switched to Williams. Finally the county became a sole unit with a act passed in 1834.
The county was a names after Israel Putnam who was a popular military figure at the time from Massachusetts. In the early days a large part of the area as we know it today was still inhabited by Indian tribes. Slowly in the 1830 period settlers of German and Swiss heritage. The settlement was greatly effected though by the presence of the Black Swamp that covered a good portion of the Northeast portion of the county. This would create a natural barrier to people attempting to settle in this area.
The people of this area were primarily German Catholic and Mennonite. The migration into this area began in the early part of the 1830's. The areas of origin of many of the early ancestors was from eastern Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia and North Carolina. The Mennonites were a people of faith and tended to travel with others of the same belief. Another group that blended into the Mennonites were the Quakers. Many can trace their roots back to Lancaster Co. PA which is a major area of for Mennonites.
Tomorrow I will be discussing the many records that are available for this county.
The last war that I will cover in this section is World War II. As we all know this war had a major effect on Northwest Ohio from both a people and economic standpoint. We played a major part in supporting the war effort.
When looking for genealogical records related to this service you are left with two basic sets of records draft registration and enlistment records. The unfortunate part concerning these records is that the National Archives had a fire and many of these records were destroyed. The good news is that many of them survived.
The registration cards are very similar to those records covered for WWI. The document lists the persons name, birth, location of birth, occupation and personnel stats. It also tells where the person lived at the time of sign up.
The enlistment records give a brief description of where the person was mustered into the military. What part of the military did they serve. The document also gives what theater of the service the person served.
Again these records can be obtained from the National Archives or Ancestry (pay site) on the internet.
Over the next week I will start profiling the individual counties in Northwest Ohio. Please ask questions now or ideas you would like me to cover and I will include them. I am also still looking for peoples brick walls. Do you have ancestors in Northwest Ohio that you are having trouble with? Give me a try I will do it for free and it will be profiled on Saturdays in the blog.
Sunday, December 02, 2007
Saturday, December 01, 2007
Once the search is completed then I will write out how I completed the search in my blog. My intent is to show people how to use some of the many resources we have here in Northwest Ohio to complete the research and hopefully we all learn something new. I look forward to hearing from you.
Have a great weekend.
Friday, November 30, 2007
Sandusky is not just about amusement and water parks. There has been a long and interesting history of this area and Erie Co. Ohio. For the genealogist the main point of interest is the collection of the Sandusky Public Library and the collection at the Follett Museum.
Some of the unique items in the archives collection of the library are the interment cards for the Oakland Cemetery. This is not only the largest cemetery in the area, but interment cards are a wonderful source of genealogical information(more to be covered on this in a seperate posting). They also have a microfilm listing of all the rest of the cemeteries in the county. The collection also has obituary notebooks that were compiled from 1921-1952. Another unique item is the finding aids that help in finding primary sources, business files, vintage photographs and more. Finally they have a extensive collection of yearbooks.
The Follett Museum helps in creating a window into the past of Sandusky and Erie County. Here is a link to more information about this very interesting library.
Be sure to check out these two exciting resources for your Erie County genealogical research. I would like to thank Doren Paul for her help on this article.
114 West Adams St.
419- 625 3834
404 Wayne St.
419- 627 9608
Thursday, November 29, 2007
The Great War was the first major global event for soldiers in Northwest Ohio. The information from this war is unique in that the main document is the draft registration card that was generated on a local basis.
When tracing you WWI ancestor the first item is to know where they lived during the possible time of sign up. The cards for a particular area are listed alphabetically. The information provided is fabulous. They list the persons name, address, date of birth, age, race, citizenship status, birthplace, occupation and employer, dependent relative, martial status, father's birthplace, and name and address of nearest relative. For many new immigrants this would be one of their first important documents while in America. The listing of the soldiers address and relatives address are very important when proving kinship.
Another index that I have seen for this time period that is very valuable is of all women in a given area that are able to work. The cards list all the same information as the men, but include their ability to work. This is a fascinating resource for a period in our history that was dominated by men.
Wednesday, November 28, 2007
The Grand Army of the Republic is a military organization that was organized by veterans on the Union side of the Civil War in 1866. This group was located in almost ever town in Northwest Ohio of any size. This group is similar to a VFW hall that we would have in modern times.
The records by this organization are a little hit and miss. Many of the records for the individual groups were destroyed for a variety of reasons over the years, but some have been kept. Applications for this organization were often as detailed as those used for pension records. Another interesting outcome was the publication of the group magazine called "The National Tribune". Here the soldiers would write detailed stories about their experience in the war. These can be very interesting and offer flavor to your ancestors past if they participated in the same Regiments in the war.
The GAR held annual meetings on a national, state and local level. In 1908 the city of Toledo held one of the national meetings. At the time this was a pretty major event and would bring thousands of people from all across the country to your city. There would be marching bands, speeches and a variety of other activities. In most cases the President of the United States would be in attendance at this event.
The city of Lima held the State convention on several occasions. This was well attended by people all over the state of Ohio. You will find pictures and many post cards of downtown Lima decorated for this event.
On a more local level the individual regiments will have reunions. I have seen documents for reunions in Toledo, Bowling Green, Fremont, Lakeside and Sandusky, Ohio.
All of these gatherings would produce items for the soldiers. Many medals, ribbons, water canteens, cups, books and pins were produced as keep sakes. Pictures were also taken in abundance and many pictures can be found with males wearing medals. If you have old pictures this is a excellent clue to participation in the Civil War.
Similar to today's Women's Auxiliary for the VFW the GAR had a Women's Auxiliary. Records were also kept for applications for this group as well. Information and clues exist in their records but many have experience the same fate as the men's.
A good place to start your search is to determine if your person participated in the Civil War. Then check out the Ohio Historical Society website. They have many sources on the GAR.
Another link to check out is manuscript collection at the Library of Congress. On their website they have a listing of all the GAR posts in Northwest Ohio. They are intermixed with the rest of Ohio, but this will help find if there was a local post in your area. When I looked, most cities large and small had a GAR post.
On a more local basis the Bowling Green archives has over 70 documents currently in their collection related to the GAR. All of these are cataloged and are for Northwest Ohio. The Hayes collection in Fremont also has items related to the GAR. Finally the Williams Co. website on USgenweb has information about a GAR post in Montpelier. This is by no means a exhaustive list of items available so be sure to check for this group.
Another current group that grew out of this group is Sons of Union Veterans and Daughters of Union Veterans. These were organized as the veterans began to pass on and kept their children involved in the group. There are some of these groups spread across Northwest Ohio and meet on a monthly basis.
Good luck on your GAR research.
Tuesday, November 27, 2007
Here again the more information and details you have on the solider the better. The information provided on the service record application is the same for the pension record. The information is a first hand account by your ancestor or widow on the events that occurred during the individuals service. The primary information is person's name, date of enlistment, location of enlistment, birth date, location of birth, injuries during battle, death date if widow and location of death. Another important item is a list of where they have lived since the war and complete list of children with birth dates. The information in these documents can vary, but I have seen several that exceed fifteen pages and up. Pension papers are one of the few documents in your research that you will get a first hand account done by your ancestors. All of these records area available again at the National Archives.
My ancestor George Davey applied for a pension after he left the service. When he enrolled he had actually given the wrong year of birth. He was older than most when he signed up so his date he gave the government varied by ten years his actual birth date. Needless to say when it came time to apply for his pension he had a lot of explaining to do. His pension record had a great deal of documentation as a result.
Be sure to get your ancestors service and pension records from the Civil War. They offer extensive clues to earlier generations.
Monday, November 26, 2007
From our last post on this topic we were able to determine that William Wallace Brown served in the 54th Ohio Co. K. The next step was to order the service records from the National Archives to document his period of service in the war.
The first step in this process is to get the form. This can be obtained from the National Archives website. From the County history I was able to determine the period of time that he served. (8 Feb. 1864-15 Aug. 1865) Other facts that are needed on the form is state of service, union or confederate, and volunteer or regular. The unit in which he served is critical. (54th OH, Co. K) They also want to know the persons date of birth, death and location of each event. The less information that you are able to provide the less likely you are to get back information from the National Archives.
With the use of a credit card the records can be ordered over the Internet. Allow for four to six weeks for delivery though. Please be aware that this information costs from $50 to $75 dollars.
The information you can expect to obtain from the service documents includes the rank of the solider, rate of pay, locations of payment, health and date of mustering out. The amount of data retrieved from these files really varies. I have experienced a variety of information from these records. They can be as basic as date of document, soldiers name, location of pay and amount of pay. Then there are others where the amount of information is much more detailed.
William Wallace Brown's service records were very detailed. He served a very short period of time in the war. He served in the latter half of the war in the Western Theater. The battles he fought in included Stone River, Chickamauga and March to the Sea. William was present at the signing of the peace treaty by Johnston in North Carolina and participated in the victory parade in Washington, DC at the end of the war. This was rare for soldiers that were fought in the Western portion of the war. Finally he was mustered out of the war in Texas. Amongst the things that he took home with him according to the documents was his uniform and equipment including his gun. This type of information is rare and would not be found anywhere else other than family lore.
I know in the case of my own ancestor my father and I took it one step further. We used the service record along with some other sources to document where are ancestor participated during the war. Then we mapped out a trip and visited the many battles that he served in during the war. This turned out to be a very moving experience for both of us. The meaning of history and the part that are ancestor had played in the war came home to both of us.
Tomorrow I will talk about the pension records. This will give a much richer understanding of the value of military records.
Sunday, November 25, 2007
Saturday, November 24, 2007
1. Quicksheet Citing Online Historical Resources- by Elizabeth Shown Mills- 2007- This is a well done guide on how to use those numerous sources available on the Internet. This is a timely item as the Internet increases it's presence in genealogy. The author is one of the true leaders in the study of genealogy.
2. The Family Tree Problem Solver: Proven Methods for Scaling the Inevitable Brick Wall- by Marsha Hoffman Rising- Jan. 2005- We all run into that one brick wall that gives us fits. This book comes up with creative ways to solve genealogical issues.
3. Ancestry's Red Book: American State, County & Town Sources, Third Revised Edition, by Alice Eicholz, 2004, This book has been one of the must have books when doing genealogy. Invaluable listing of sources with addresses and phone numbers.
4. Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures, by Christine Rose, 2004, The court house can be intimidating for the average person doing genealogy. This book does a excellent job of identifying records of interest and where they are located.
5. The Handybook for Genealogist: United States of America, (10th Edition) by Everton Publishers, 2002, This book is another primary book in your collection. Everton the publisher of the Genealogical Helper has compiled a excellent list of sources.
So while your out this weekend don't forget the genealogist in your life. Might be you!
Friday, November 23, 2007
Fortunately this library was able to survive the floods that occurred here during the early summer. Here are some of the unique sources that they have for Hancock Co., OH.
1. Birth, Marriage & Death records
2. Local Cemetery Indexes
3. City directories
4. County History books
5. Newspapers for local area that are from 1850's to present.
6. Obituary Index for Hancock County
7. Ohio Census Records
So while your out please check another one of Northwest Ohio's great genealogical resources.
Thursday, November 22, 2007
Wednesday, November 21, 2007
Recently I was having a party at my home and had a conversation with a friend that I have had for years. While in my office he was looking at the many Civil War items I had decorating my walls. He indicated that he thought he had an ancestor that participated in the war. Curiosity had gotten the best of him and he knew that I did genealogy searches of this sort.
Here are the facts as he told them to me to begin the search.
1. The subjects name was William Brown (Yikes, Can we get anymore generic)
2. He lived in Upper Sandusky, Wyandotte Co., OH when he died.
3. His spouses name was Harriett.
4. Family lore indicated that he was always called Colonel.
5. The family had sold all his Civil War related items from this person several years ago.
This was all the information that I had to go on to begin the search. The intention here was to determine what unit he served in and where. My friend was also interested in learning if William Brown or his spouse Harriett had applied for a pension. So I began the search.
I had my friend talking to relatives to see if any more information could be learned. No success. We talked with his father to determine if any written information was in the families hands. No information.
This left me to begin the search in the Census records of the time to determine age and location of our William Brown right before the Civil War broke out in 1861. I new that the majority of the people that served in the war were born between 1820 and 1847. Sure, there are exceptions at both ends of the period. Some generals that served in the war were born prior to 1820 and some drummers were born after 1847. I started my search looking in the 1850 Ohio Census for Wyandotte Co., OH. I was able to locate the proper William Brown living in the county during this period. This was good information, because it showed that he had been in the county for several years prior to entering the war. From the records I was able to determine that he was born in the year 1843. This fit's the proper age group for service. The next step was to track the same individual into the 1860 census. He was found ten years older of course and still living with his family.
The next step for me was to determine what unit William Brown may have served. Well up front I new this was going to be a difficult task. I checked a free online resource called the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System. When doing a search in the listing for William Brown serving in the Infantry from Ohio I had over 275 hits. Needless to say this was not the answer in narrowing down the search. I needed to find another way.
A very good source in most counties is the county or regimental histories. I started by looking through the county histories. I was able to determine through the History of Wyandott Co., OH that men from the county served in a least eight different regiments. Not to mention some cavalry and artillery units. I did some more study of the individual units on another website to determine my next best plan of attack. The information indicated that some of the units were actually organized in adjacent counties. A regimental history was not available.
I cross referenced my unit list with William Brown's in them against those units in the history that came from Wyandott Co. Through this I was able to narrow the search down. Two regiments remained. The 88th Ohio Volunteer Infantry and the 54 th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
According to the county history company K of the 54th was partially organized in the county, but were mustered in Lima, Allen Co., OH. Through the search of the regiments lists of members served. I determined that indeed a William Brown served in this unit. The 54th served from 1861 to 1865. From the regiment lists that William Brown never served as a Colonel.
The next step was to consult with a different county history where I was able to find a biography on William Brown. From the information in the bio I confirmed that the individual was married to Harriett Paulin and he has served in the 54th Ohio company K. He also died in Upper Sandusky in old age and had been a member of the GAR.
Needless to say my friend was thrilled with the information. The search was not done yet and I will talk about that in the next few days.
Monday, November 19, 2007
Another area to look for information is also in the Application files. These will be indexed if the solider, sailor or widow was eligible or not. If a claim was made a filed was started even if it would later be rejected.
I hope this helps understand these important genealogical records. Thanks again for the correction.
The Civil War would be a life changing event for many that lived in Northwest Ohio. The state of Ohio was one of the larger states when it came to organizing and supplying the war effort. The first call for soldiers signing up would be in 1861.
The soldiers in the beginning would sign up on a regional basis. A prominent citizen with no other qualifications than being prominent in that area would lead the organization. The call would come from the governor and then down to a local level. Having a person with any military training to lead a troop was very rare. Political clout tended to be a major qualification for leadership. In the early years of the war the sign ups were brisk. Many people of the period believed that the war was going to last for a very short period of time. Thus the ninety day troop sign up was the first version. The experience level of the leadership would add to the awful cost of war.
The typical regiment was organized at the county seat. The individual units within the regiments would be organized from the various geographic areas within the county. In counties where population was sparse it was not uncommon for units to organize in the regiment in the next county. Once the regiment was organized they were then sent to Camp Chase in Columbus. I have seen exceptions though to the in county and adjacent county rule, but this typically happened later in the war.
The majority of the soldiers in Northwest Ohio would end up serving in the western portion of the south. This was primarily in the states of KY, TN, MS, GA, AL, LA, SC and NC. Many units from Northwest Ohio served with distinction and many generals would come from our area.
More on the Regimental records later.
Sunday, November 18, 2007
Thank you again for your support. I will continue covering military records on Monday.
Saturday, November 17, 2007
As many of us prepare for the annual renewal of the border war today between Ohio State and Michigan my thoughts go back to the first War between our states. It was a bloodless battle between the territory of Michigan and the state of Ohio. The war was as a result of poor mapping and fuzzy boundary lines between the two states. Legislation passed between 1787 and 1805 had confused the situation. The area being fought over was a 468 square mile region of Northwest Ohio. The territory of Michigan was trying to become a state in the 1830's and claimed this area. Their plans were blocked by the state legislature in Ohio. The eventual solution to the mess was Michigan giving up the strip of Northwest Ohio and they in turn got the Upper Peninsula.
So as your cheering for your favorite team. Remember that it's roots came long ago in 1835. Enjoy the game and may your favorite team win.
Friday, November 16, 2007
Many Germans who practiced the Mennonite religion located in the counties of Putnam and Allen in Northwest Ohio. The university at Bluffton was established early to educate the many people that had located in this area. The library here has a collection that is dedicated specifically to the history of the Mennonite religion in general and people that lived in the area.
The collection is know as the Mennonite Historical collection and is housed on the first floor of the Musselman Library. The collection was started in 1935 and includes many items of genealogical interest. Some items of interest are
Historical Events of the Mennonite Settlement in Allen and Putnam Counties, Ohio, by P B Amstutz, 1978.
Many items related to church history are also included. Vertical files related to specific surnames are indexed and in the collection. Another interesting item is a collection of Fraktur's which document many families from all over the United States.
For more information they can be contacted at
1 University Dr.
Bluffton, OH 45187
Phone- 419- 358-3262
Be sure to check this excellent source for information on Mennonites in Northwest Ohio.
Thursday, November 15, 2007
This series is indexed by surname and is stored at the National Archives in the Index to Indian Wars Pension Files 1892-1926(T318-twelve rolls). Included in the file is how long the person served, whether they survived the war and if the solider was survived by a widow. They also include places lived. When they were married and to whom. Location where they died and children with birth dates.
As you can see from the overviews on War records there is a lot of valuable genealogical related information that can be gained.
Wednesday, November 14, 2007
The occupation of serving on a ship was a important one in the early days of Northwest Ohio. As the area developed it became much more common in cities like Sandusky and Toledo. Inter lake trade and transportation began as early as the 1800's, but really increased once the canal system was established.
Ships in those days would start from Buffalo at the eastern end of Lake Erie. This was the western edge of the Erie canal. A common cargo at this time was moving settlers from the east to points along the northern edge of Ohio and points beyond. Eastern supplies from industrial companies were also a common cargo. They would then transport on a very regular basis to the growing areas in Ohio.
Once they arrived in Northwest Ohio they then would transport about anything that could fit in a barrel back in East. Transport of food, raw materials like wood and stone were common. The trade would help the area become more prosperous and would work as a draw for people to the area.
Life as a sailor on a ship was a difficult one during this period of time. Ships were powered by the wind and later steam. Many people from the New England area had participated in these occupations prior to moving so it was often a life style they new very well.
The National Archives has records for people that were sailors on the Great Lakes. They are much later in time, but may shed light on your ancestors. The file is RG 85 which includes 91 rolls of microfilm.
Tuesday, November 13, 2007
The next war of interest would be the Mexican War which occurred between 1846 and 1848. This is a war that is not spoken of much. Soldiers from all over the United States participated. Northwest Ohio was no exception.
Pensions were available to those soldiers who served sixty days and to their widows who did not remarry with a act of congress in 1887. The files are arranged in alphabetical order and have a master index of names. The records are indexed in "Index to Mexican War Pension Files 1887-1926"(T317- fourteen rolls). The files include for the soldier place of birth, enlistment date and discharge records and areas lived in since service. The spouses file will include date of marriage, who married them, and where the soldier died. The file will include wife's maiden name, names of former wives if any with date and place of death or divorce. It will also name all living children with their dates of birth.
This is a outstanding source of genealogical information. This information is stored at the National Archives in Washington DC.
Monday, November 12, 2007
Northwest Ohio played a major part in the War of 1812. Two major events took place in our area at Ft. Meigs in Perrysburg, OH and the Battle of Lake Erie located out by West Sister Island. One of the interesting outcomes of this war was not only did it result in securing this area for the United States, but it also resulted in many of the soldiers and sailors staying in this area after the war.
In the case of the foot solider they got to see a lot of the land by virtue of the major form of transportation in the army at the time called walking. They moved all along the Maumme River and up into the southern portions of Michigan. This would give them valuable understanding of the area and would result in many of them locating in this area after the war.
Just like the Revolutionary War there are three primary sources of records. They include service records, pension records and bounty land records. The service records run from 1812 to 1815. They are organized by state or territory and then by individual regiments. Genealogical information in these records is slim like in the Revolutionary War records.
The really sad part concerning the pension records and bounty land records is Congress did not get around to passing legislation until 1871 and 1878. The vast majority of soldiers that had participated and their wives had passed away by this time. As a result the claims for this war are low. The files are listed alphabetically by last name. The information included in these files both pension and bounty is name, age and residency of the veteran. The maiden name of the wife. The place and date of their marriage. The rank achieved while participating during the war. The unit that he served. The date and locations of joining and discharge. The widows claim includes the widows name, age and place of residence. Date and place of their marriage and the name of the official that performed the ceremony. The date and place of the veterans death.
The records are all included at the National Archives in Washington, DC. Provide as much information as you can about your ancestor. The fewer facts you have on the forms the higher likely hood of rejection.
Saturday, November 10, 2007
WW I officially ended on June 28, 1919, when the Versaille Treaty was signed. The actual fighting between the Allies and Germany, however, had ended seven months earlier with the treaty, which went into effect on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month in 1918. Armistice Day, as November 11 became known, officially became a holiday in the United States in 1926, and a national holiday 12 years later. On June 1, 1954, the name was changed to Veterans Day to honor all U.S. veterans.
In 1968, new legislation changed the national commemoration of Veterans Day to the fourth Monday in October. It soon became apparent, however, that November 11 was a date of historic significance to many Americans. Therefore, in 1978 Congress returned the observance to its traditional date.Today spend some time thanking and thinking about those veterans around us. The sacrifices are great and the rewards have been wonderful. Hug a vet!
This take some time to attend these meetings in your area. The time spent will be well worth your time.
Thanks again for your support. Please let me know if there are any specific topics that you would like to see covered. Spread the word on the blog.
Friday, November 09, 2007
When researching your ancestors in Huron Co. Ohio a good place to start is the main library for the county that is located in Norwalk, OH. Here you will find many resources pertaining to the county. The library is one of many that was built as a result of donations from Andrew Carnegie around the turn of the century.
The library's collection includes the following items of local interest.
1. 1820 Census for Erie, Huron, and Sandusky Counties
2. County Directories-
- Huron County starting with 1908
- Erie County and Sandusky County
3. Cemetery Records of East Norwalk Historical Cemetery
4. City Directories: Norwalk starting with 1885
5. City & Township Histories: Bellevue, Greenwich, Norwalk, Wakeman, Willard, etc.
6. County Histories: Ashland, Crawford, Erie, Huron, Lorain
7. Erie County Atlas 1874
8. Erie County Cemetery Records
9. Firelands Pioneer (complete set)
10. First Methodist Episcopal Church Marriage Records 1888-1902
11. Huron County Atlas 1873 & 1891
12. Huron County, Ohio Cemetery Inscriptions
13. Huron County, Ohio Marriages (3 vol.) 1815-1900
14. Huron County Plat Book 1845
15. Index to 1880 Huron County Census
16. Index to the following newspapers:
- Monroeville Spectator 1870-1986
- Norwalk Papers 1822-1835
- North Fairfield Gazette 7 May 1856 - 3 April 1860
- Wakeman Independent Press 1875 - 1915
17. Marriage Records of Huron County, Ohio 1812-1839
The library is located in downtown Norwalk at 46 W Main St. Norwalk, OH. The hours for the library are Monday thru Thursday 9:30 am to 8:30 pm and Friday thru Saturday 9:30 am to 5:00 pm.
If you are looking for sources in Huron County Ohio this is a excellent place to start.
Wednesday, November 07, 2007
With the creation of the United States laws were provided to take care of those veterans that served our country during the Revolutionary War. The descendants of the soldiers came to the area of Northwest Ohio in large volumes.
Northwest Ohio had a few Revolutionary Soldiers that died and were buried in the area. Due to the age of many of the soldiers who fought it was not common for them to come to our area. The information gained from there service records can be valuable to tracing your ancestors to their states of origin.
Two primary records exist for the soldiers that served. The first is the service record. There were two primary units. They were those that served in the Continental Army and those that served in the state militia. Service records for the Continental Army are located at the National Archives and state militia records are at the state level of the state served. These records provide information on when the person served, where they joined and how long they served. This information provides valuable clues to the area that the person came from. This is critical when trying to trace the ancestors back further.
The second primary source and by far the most valuable is pension records and bounty land warrants. These provide a treasure trove of information related to the soldiers life and military service. The person was proving who they were and that they were eligible for the pension. In these records you will find where the person was born and when. You will get a list of where this person has lived since their service in the war. This is important, because it shows their migration pattern. The document will list who they served under and where they served. The spouses name will be listed and I have seen instances where the spouses maiden name is given. Spouses were also eligible for this benefit after the death of the solider.
Bounty Land warrants were applied far more than the pensions. The information provided is the same as that for a pension. Over 450,000 applications are located at the Archives in Washington. These bounty's were granted all over the Northern part of Ohio.
The records both for the Continental Army, pension records and bounty land warrants are located at the National Archives in Washington. The files are indexed by the soldiers name. When searching your family history this is another valuable source of information and something to be very proud of their service.
Tuesday, November 06, 2007
When looking through a ancestors obituary or stories you may learn that one of your relatives had worked for the railroad. This information can be used to gather additional information on your ancestors work career. The following resources are excellent for completing your search.
1. Jackson, Elisabeth and Carolyn Curtis. Guide to the Burlington Archives in the Burlington Archives in the Newberry Library 1851-1901. Chicago: Newberry Library, 1940.
This book includes land office records and payroll records.
2. Kanely, Edna. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Employees, 1982.
3. National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collection, Washington DC. Library of Congress 1962-1994.
This is a excellent record of where the records are stored at almost 1400+ repositories
4. Taber, Thomas T. Guide to Railroad Historical Resources. United States and Canada. 4 vols. Muncy, PA: TT Taber, 1993.
Another guide for location of historical materials. Lists addresses and all is listed by state.
The largest resource for locating your railroad workers is the United States Railroad Retirement Board which was established in the 1930's and house records up to pre 1937. You need to have the ancestors Social Security Number to complete the search. You will also need persons full name, railroad they worked for, time period of employment, birth date and death date. They can be contacted at www.rrb.gov/mep/genealogy.asp
Some other sources for online research are as follows-
1. www.cyndislist.com- Extensive resource for railroad links.
2. www.cprr.org/museum/links.html.com- Site for the Central Pacific Railroad
3. www.historical.com- Extensive railroad links
In the future I will be talking about other occupations and the genealogical records they may have.
Sunday, November 04, 2007
Part of this trail was overland, but a great deal of this route was traveled by water. Travelers would board boats west of the rapids near current day Maumee and travel all the way to current day Fort Wayne, IN. Along this route towns began to pop up and some were located at sites of old British forts.
Migrants that followed this route would come either by boat out of the port in Buffalo or would come overland across Ontario in Canada. This route was used by people that immigrated to Canada from Great Britain and people that lived in the northern parts of New England. If the route was traveled correctly you could travel the majority of the route from Albany, NY to Ft Wayne, IN on water. There was also major advantages to trade products created in Northwest Ohio back to the east using this route. Part of this route would also become part of the Erie Wabash canal.
The Blanchard and Auglaize converge in Defiance, OH. This would be a common departure point for people traveling down into Putnam, Henry and Allen counties. Settlement and trade would be major activities because of these water ways.
This route was also popular with those people that continued to migrate west. They would move on to points in Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri and Wisconsin.
The Great Trail was the route used my people that were coming out of Western Pennsylvania, Western Maryland and Virginia. There were a couple of primary groups that came this route. They were the Germans, Irish, and Quakers. This would begin the period of the melting pot of cultures in Ohio.
The main migration of Germans into Northwest Ohio began around 1825. The interesting thing about this particular migration is the fact that many of the migrants were actually new immigrants from Germany. These folks followed the dreams that had been shown to them of the wonderful things that would be available to them in the new world. Whole families and cities in Germany would board ships and begin the journey to the United States. People in Europe at the time were tired of the wars, crowding and lack of food. The New World promised to fix these things. Many of them would land in Philadelphia and in Delaware. It was here that they would learn of the bountiful lands to the west. It was here that they would purchase their wagons and begin the slow migration west to the Ohio country.
The second group was the Germans that lived in the United States for generations. A common religion for these folks was Mennonite. Things were starting to become crowded in the areas of Lancaster and Franklin counties in PA. In the early stages many of them had moved to Western Maryland in the Hagerstown area. The promise of new bountiful farm land got them to pack the wagon and head west.
The Irish had settled in the eastern half of Pennsylvania. The crowding and lack of land forced them to look further west. You can see record of their travel all through the southern half of Pennsylvania.
The Quakers had come to America because of it's religious tolerance. Concentration of these folks in small areas was key. The meeting houses that they worshiped in were in specific areas. Ohio would become a destination point for these people seeking new land.
These groups would locate all over Northwest Ohio. Allen, Fulton, Henry, Putnam and Williams became very popular places for the Germans. The Irish lived all over the area. Many helped to add to the populations of the small cities and help them grow. The Germans would become one of the largest population groups in Northwest Ohio.
Thursday, November 01, 2007
I would like to thank all of you for your support in this first week of my blog. From the responses I am getting it looks like it is helpful. In the future I will be including a variety of subjects and will try to stay on a main topic. Please let me know if you have topics related to Northwest Ohio you would like me to cover. Also be sure to pass this link on to others that you feel would have interest in this subject. Thank you again for your support.
The highlights of the collection are a almost complete collection of county histories and county atlases for Ohio. Many other county and state books from other states are included. The city directory collection deals mainly with Fremont, Sandusky plus other cities in Erie and Sandusky counties. Printed lineages of DAR members is current up to the 1920's. Complete collection of Pennsylvania Archives which includes tax lists, militia rolls, marriages and colonial documents. Many records concerning Ohio in the Civil War including many regimental histories. WPA County Record inventories are also included in the collection.
Included in the microfilm collection is Ohio Census 1820-1930, Local Newspapers, City directories of major cities in Ohio, Sandusky County courthouse records, Ohio Death Index 1908-1944, Ohio Birth Index 1908-1911, surname index for 100 Ohio county histories and church records.
A major project since the year 2000 has been the creation of the Hayes Obituary Index. The best part is it's availability on line. The index includes over a million names from newspapers all over the state of Ohio.
Please check out their website at
www.rbhayes.org/index for the obituary index
Please check out his valuable Northwest Ohio genealogical resource.
One of the major events of movement west was the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825. The waterway ran from Albany, NY and traveled to Buffalo, NY along the eastern edge of Lake Erie. Travel suddenly became easier and cheaper.
The canal began in Albany, NY along the upper portion of the Hudson River area. This was a ideal location for those people living in the New England states to start their trip West. Prior to the canals opening the main form of travel was overland following trails that were no better than wide openings in the woods. The safety and ability to move from Albany to Buffalo in days instead of weeks was a major improvement in western travel.
The close location of the beginning of the canal being in Albany allowed migrants from Vermont, Connecticut and Massachusetts to travel very easily using the canal. People in the New England states were becoming crowded and the need for farm land was important. The practice of leaving property to the first born and the creation of large families forced the people to find their fortunes in the west. New England was one of the largest groups to make their way to Ohio and settle.
Wednesday, October 31, 2007
The area was twenty five miles wide. It was established to compensate those residence of the State of Connecticut that had property destroyed by the British during the Revolutionary War. The raids occurred in the towns of Danbury, New Haven, Fairfield, Norwalk and New London. Families in these area were greatly effected by the raids. Many of these town names were used for areas in the Firelands region. Approximately 500,000 acres were put aside in 1792 to compensate these people. It took over thirty years after the war for the claims to take full effect and many of the claimants were either to old or had passed on. These claims would also be sold to other people that would then move to the area.
Sunday, October 28, 2007
Northwest Ohio had a large Indian population located primarily along the Maumee River Basin. Many tribes were in this area from Ft. Wayne, IN to the mouth of the Maumee at Toledo. It was not until after the War of 1812 that these tribes began their journey out of this region further west. After this time Europeans began to locate in this area in larger numbers. When water travel improved on the Great Lakes this became a common way of traveling to this area.
The use of water travel was best due to the Black Swamp that covered this area. The swamp area covered wide parts of Lucas, Wood and Fulton counties. Travel by land was very difficult and created a natural barrier to settling this area and western travel. It was not until the 1830's that farmers started coming into these areas to drain the water from the land. What was left after the water was removed was some of the best farming land in the world. This would become a major attraction for the migrants looking for farm land. This would mark the beginning of this area becoming the bread basket of America.